Canada is the second-largest country in the world, consisting of people from different backgrounds and diverse cultures. Multicultural, young and dynamic Canada is a country of economic progress, a land of opportunities and future. Canada, where immigration is a key point for economic growth, opens its doors for people from around the globe intending to bring their talent, experience, culture and traditions and for those who elect to become a part of Canada’s landscape. Canada provides its people with sound and affordable education, health and social care, safe and secure life in a stable, peaceful and friendly environment.
As an affluent, high-tech industrial society, Canada today closely resembles the US in its market-oriented economic system, pattern of production, and high living standards. English and French are the official languages. English is the primary language spoken in every province except Quebec and New Brunswick. Since World War II, the impressive growth of the manufacturing, mining, and service sectors has transformed the nation from a largely rural economy into, primarily an industrial and urban one. Nevertheless, given its great natural resources, skilled labor force, and modern capital plant Canada enjoys solid economic prospects.
The first Canadian Immigration Act was passed in 1869. Canada opened its doors for immigrants even wider. In the 19th century and the early years of the 20th, many eastern and northern Europeans, Immigrants from Asia, the Caribbean, the South and Central America also came to Canada in search of land and freedom increasing further the diversity of the population. About half of all immigrants in the decade from 1981 to 1991 came from Asia, and Chinese is the fastest-growing language in Canada. Now one out of every four people in Canada comes from an ethnic background other then English or French. Today, Canada is home to immigrants from every part of the world and remains one of the few countries in the world that still has significant immigration programs. A “nation of immigrants”… And at present thousands of immigrants continue to settle in Canada, making it a truly multicultural country. As a result of their efforts and contribution in the development of the Canadian society the United Nations Organization has rated Canada the top country in the world to live in for the past seven years.
Immigration has helped to make Canada one of the world’s richest countries, and the country is largely free of racial tension. Many recent newcomers hail from Asia. Canada’s indigenous people make up less than two per cent of the population. To increase the skilled labor pool in Canada, the government has introduced legislation to make it easier for immigrants to enter Canada.
Major products / industries : processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, transportation equipment, chemicals, fish products, petroleum and natural gas
Major trading partners : USA , Japan , EU (UK , Germany , Netherlands) , China and South Korea .